Urban Politics

Urban politics is all about how cities work and what can be done to improve their functioning. The quality of life for city dwellers directly depends on economic and social welfare in cities. The operation of cities depends on their political and administrative position. American cities have significant control over their policy-making, but the impact of the federal laws is undeniable. Mandates issued by federal law set the direction for municipal policy and control local fiscal resources. Sometimes governmental finance is not sufficient and cities have to regulate their spending to meet federal guidelines.
The form of government is another feature that determines how well cities function. In many American cities, the model of city government resembles that of the state government. It has the mayor and the city council. In the 19th century, cities had political party machines. They recruited candidates, supported elections, and mobilized voters. At the beginning of the 20th century, corrupt practices of political machines evoked protests of activists and government reformers. They facilitated the creation of the National Municipal League that generated ideas for altering the city government.
The strong mayor council is the oldest form of city government. It is characteristic to old, large, or economically-advanced cities. The strong mayor model has a concentrated power with a central figure. The mayor, however, is a politician who may hold their personal interests higher than the interests of their city. Another model of city management is the council manager form. It has no mayor, only the city manager appointed by the council. He is a professional administrator who works effectively, saves dollars, and stands out of corruption. On the other hand, the city manager is not accountable to the public. Recently, many cities added a chief administrative officer to their mayor’s staff thus they create a hybrid version of mayor council chief administrative officer government.

Founding of the American Political System

The American political system was influenced by many factors outside the US. The British legal system was the first one. Though the American democracy is nothing like the British monarchy that still remains such, the US Constitution borrowed some principles from the Great Charter (1215) and the Petition of Rights (1628). The English Bill of Rights signed in 1689 also gave the US Constitution several more provisions. Besides legal documents, writings of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau changed the political experience of the two countries. These natural rights philosophers promoted the rights to liberty and property among other essentials that became crucial to the American Constitution. Liberal Arts and the age of Enlightenment formed the personalities of founders of the American nation. Ideas of Francis Bacon and other intellectuals had their imprint on the American legislation. The political philosophy of ancient Roman and Greek thinkers also impacted the worldview of the fathers of the US Constitution.
Constitution of the US is now the oldest functioning constitution in the world. Now scholars pay considerable attention to political preconditions and motives that drove founders to conclude this document. Some of them think that the founders were driven by self-interest, the others believe that democratic principles lie the basis of the Constitution. Charles A. Beard’s influential theory suggests that the delegates at the Constitutional convention gathered for purely economic reasons. The researcher argues that political elites aimed to protect their investments in the first place. Al of the delegates appeared to have an economic interest in creating a new constitution. Beard’s point of view, however, is criticized as the motives to the creation of the US Constitution were numerous.

Socialism in the Developing World

As a cure for capitalism, socialism was popular in many European countries. The system granted ownership of production to the public and created a strong social welfare system for those who did not own any capital. Marginalized imperial or colonial countries developed a weak form of capitalism, however, they had their own interest in adopting socialism. First, socialism could provide a steady economic growth that would help developing economies to survive on their own. Second, socialism offered the freedom from exploitation that was the primary need of the third world countries. Eventually, the efforts of the Soviet Union to influence the developing world led to the development of socialism there.
Though developing countries viewed socialism positively, there were a few limits to its transition. The first problem was the characteristics of the international system. The dominance of capitalism excluded socialist countries from participation in global trade, finance, and investment. Therefore, the socialist developing world could hardly advance economically. The second problem was that peripheral economies heavily depended on developed countries. It was difficult for developing countries to squeeze their traditional culture shaped by Western lifestyle into a socialist worldview. And last, the third world countries lacked practical socialist theory to make a transition. Marxism, Leninism, or Maoism did not fit to other developing countries, which limited the spread of socialism.
Besides the Soviet Union and China, Cuba, Iraq, Yugoslavia, Libya, and North Korea all succeeded at adopting socialism in the 20th century. In a while, most socialist regimes collapsed. However, scholars do not suppose that the failure of socialism in those countries will put an end to the movement at large. Some countries may prefer public benefits and extensive social welfare to the power of capital.

Rebound essays

It took a long time for many students to realize how easy it may be to get on track after a series of failure in class. Whenever people sit for an exam, they are afraid of the outcome of their results especially when they fail or score lower than they expected. It becomes very hard to explain to a parent how they failed their exams. Parents commit many resources and a lot of energy to ensure their children get the best academic results and any student who fail becomes a disgrace to his/her parent. It would be very fair to reward such a loving and committed parent with a good grade, not because ones performance will benefit his/her parent in any way but because the parents sacrifice so much to ensure their children get excellent results in their academics. Sometimes it seems to be too late to excel academically especially when a student’s performance is characterized by a series of failures. Such students should not despair because there is a solution to their problem. What they need to do is dedicate their time in reading extensively especially those articles that are sold by essay writing companies.

Such essays present excellent source of information especially regarding paper format, writing skills and organization of essays. The second and the most important thing to boost their grades is to hire expert writers from these companies who will help them in preparing rebound essays that will boost their performance and improve their grades tremendously. As they hire the services of these writers, they need to learn the writing skills and emulate from their good work because such a move will ensure that their good performance is sustainable.

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Sample tribute to graduate

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The proficient writers are not only good at writing tribute essays but in fact any other type of essay that you may need. The essay writers are good at brainstorming, carrying out deep research, collecting relevant data and writing a critical analysis and explanation of their findings in an interesting way. It does not stop there because after writing your paper, the expert writers shall still go over and through it severally before hitting that send button that will see your essay delivered to your inbox. Place that essay request now and begin getting that feeling of relaxation as top grades become easier to achieve.

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Simon Birch essay

Authors write with different intentions. Some to pass a message across while others to entertain or even educate. Movies take the same course as novels. The movie Simon Birch was written with a lot of symbolism. The overriding issue was faith. Different scenarios in the movie depict or rather reveal absence of faith or possession of it. Simon Birch was born with an abnormality and the doctors were not even sure that he will survive. But Simon had faith in himself and he believed that he is how he is because of a reason. He believed that God had great plans for him. At first the towns’ people did not like him, as they thought he was a hopeless creature.
Simon birch essay is supposed to tackle the intrigues that Simon went through to accomplish what he had in mind. Simon’s friends and even other people in the town were hapless and little of faith. Their constancy to derailing Simon from what he believed in did not derail him from what he believed in.

the movie clearly reveals to those of little faith that much of life’s fulfillments depend on faith. Simon Birch proves that in deed he can be a hero as he believed God gave him the chance to live for just that.
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Against child labour essay

Despite the fact that all people are equal nowadays, children in some regions of the world are still forced to work hard. It is a really sad fact as it is not supposed to be so. Children from all over the planet deserve to have a proper childhood. They are supposed to play with other kids and do things that are appropriate for their age. Children are too young to work. Another point to consider is the fact that the existence of child labour is a huge step back in our development. We are supposed to be free, independent and tolerant while forcing children to labour minimizes all that extremely. How can we be called human beings if we allow such things to happen? That’s not fare and that’s not how it should be. We should take action in order to put an end to child labour and prevent it in future.
You can make a contribution even by writing an against child labour essay in which you’ll explain your point of view on this issue and provide some ideas on how it can be stopped.

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